Overview

Diabetes is a biological disorder that is associated with deficient levels of insulin (a hormone that decreases the sugar level of the blood). Because of inadequate insulin production by the islets of Langerhans (pancreas), the sugar or glucose level of the blood becomes very high. It consequently produces several other health issues in the body. Several factors are the causes of diabetes. But it aims this article at describing different ways of controlling diabetes, or which steps you may take to reverse your diabetes. 

Is diabetes a disability?

So there arises a substantial question of whether diabetes is only an internal biological defect or a disability that makes a person disable visibly? Yes, in actual diabetes is a disability, this biological disorder has profound impacts on the health of the patient that may cause specific disabilities in him or her. Let’s see how it happens.

So elaborating the fact of why diabetes is a disability, we have to explain the actual phenomena of this disease. It is known as Diabetes mellitus in medical terminology and also the biological reasons and after impacts of this disorder. 

  • Diabetes characterises by poor or no production of the insulin hormone by the glandular areas of the pancreas.
  • The function of insulin is antagonistic to another hormone glucagon. Glucagon increases the glucose level in the blood, whereas insulin acts opposite and reduces the blood glucose level to maintain an average glucose level in the blood.
  • The reasonable amount of glucose and other salts or electrolytes in the blood is crucial to get the energy to do the daily tasks.
  • But, when the glucose level exceeds the standard value, it disturbs the energy, and the diabetic patients feel tired.
  • In this way, diabetes mellitus has a substantial and long term negative impact on a person’s ability to carry out day-to-day activities usually. 

Diabetes itself is not a disability

Diabetes itself is not a disability; The research has confirmed this. But it may cause different disabilities if they do not treat it on time. Many people with diabetes complain about blurred vision, and it means that it affects the vision. There are cases in which people got blind in old age because of diabetes. I have seen some cases in which people lost their body parts because of diabetes. People with diabetes may suffer from blisters, which leads to severe damage to somebody parts and then doctors recommend cutting the affected part. So, diabetes itself is not a disability, but it can lead to some disabilities depending upon the level of care. If a diabetic person takes proper medication and brings a change in his lifestyle to reverse the diabetics, he will face no disability because of diabetes. 

What foods to eat for diabetes

Diabetes can be controlled by changing lifestyle, changing eating habits and adding some healthy meals in a daily diet. Replace the cooking oil with olive oil. Use little quantities of olive oil for cooking food or adding it in salads, etc., because they recommend it to control the blood sugar levels. Lowering carbs and increasing fibre in daily diet helps to control diabetes. Eat foods rich in fibre and avoid foods rich in carbohydrates. Take less quantity of fat and proteins, but don’t totally avoid them. Keep your diet balanced and add healthy food items. Take more grains and leafy vegetables; Avoid vegetables which are roots, for example, potato. Potato has a high carb value, so avoid using it in your diet. Take food items with the low glycemic index in case of high blood sugar. 

Add the following food items in your diet:

1.     Leafy green vegetables 

Greens (the leafy green vegetables) have more fibre and fewer carbohydrates. Leafy green vegetables include spinach, kale, etc. These vegetables also include vitamins like vitamin C and minerals. According to research, vitamin C helps to reduce inflammation and keep fasting blood sugar levels controlled. Diabetes may cause cataract and other such eye complications, but antioxidants present in leafy vegetables help to protect eyes from such complications.

2.     Chia seeds and cinnamon        

Cinnamon is a spice and chia seeds are seeds from salvia family. Cinnamon and chia seeds both help to control diabetes due to their natural healing properties. Chia seeds have many other health benefits, as they are high in fibre. They help to control your weight, thus reducing the blood sugar levels. We know cinnamon to improve insulin sensitivity. Therefore, it may help you control blood sugar levels. 

3.     Eggs.

Eggs, especially boiled eggs, are useful for people with diabetes as it has a low glycemic index. Half boil egg is also good, but it may increase the cholesterol level. So, they prefer it to use egg white without the yolk part. 

4.     Barley and Sorghum 

Sorghum and barley can replace wheat and rice. Avoid rice because they have a high glycemic index. Reduce the use of wheat, instead use barley and sorghum (grounded) because they slowly energise your body. They have a very less glycemic index. 

5.     Nuts 

I recommend nuts to control diabetes. The recommended nuts that you can use to manage diabetes include:

  • Walnuts 
  • Pistachio Pecans 
  • Hazelnuts 
  • Macadamia 
  • Cashews 
  • Brazil nuts 
  • Almonds 

These nuts reduce the levels of sugar in the blood and also reduce inflammation. But one should use these nuts in balanced quantities, don’t stuff your stomach with these nuts.

6.     Apple cider vinegar 

We know apple cider vinegar to improve the blood sugar level. Take two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar daily, and you will see the improvement in your health. People with diabetes should use apple cider vinegar in their diet to lose weight and reduce high blood sugar. 

Other food items that must be used in diabetes include:

  • Broccoli 
  • Garlic 
  • Strawberries 
  • Flax seeds 
  • Fig 

What kind of juice can people with diabetes drink?

People with diabetes should avoid juices and drinks because they have a high glycemic index. Only tomato juice is safe to drink. Other beverages that diabetics can take include:

  • Low-fat milk 
  • Un-sweetened coffee
  • Un-sweetened tea 
  • Water 

Take adequate amounts of water daily, and it will keep you healthy and fresh. Juices that should be avoided include:

  • Cold drinks 
  • Alcohol 
  • Any sweetened juice, coffee or tea
  • Milk with fats 
  • Any diet soda

You may think you can drink diet soda because it doesn’t contain sugars, but you can’t drink. It is not safe to take sodas, even diet sodas, because they still have a high glycemic index. 

Is a vegan diet suitable for diabetics?

The best diet for diabetes is a vegan diet. When you add vegetables to your daily routine, you are going towards a healthy lifestyle. Green vegetables are best to use, but other vegetables like peas, onions, cauliflower, etc. are also useful for health. Green vegetables like spinach, kale and others with green leaves are very good for health as they are rich in fibre and low in carbohydrates. They are a great source of vitamins and minerals, too. Green vegetables that must recommend adding in your diet to control diabetes include:

  • Kale 
  • Spinach
  • Collard greens 
  • Cabbage
  • Beet greens 
  • Watercress
  • Romaine Lettuce 
  • Swiss chard 
  • Arugula, etc

All these green vegetables are good for health. Other vegetables like carrots, reddish sugar beet, peas, etc. are also good. But keep some balance in quantities. When you eat in portions or take small amounts of every food, you are beating diabetes. Include all these vegetables in your diet, even you can eat potatoes, but in small quantities. Do not stuff your stomach. 

Does diabetes cause hair loss?

Hair growth is a whole process. Human hair grows about 1 to 2 cm every month. Then after growing 1 to 2cm, they go in the resting phase. After the resting period, they grow more, and during this, some weak hair falls out. This process of hair growth continues and adds healthy hair on the scalp. This process is disturbed only by some disease or unhealthy activity. This process is not only about the hairs growing on the head, but also for all hairs growing on any body part. People with diabetes may suffer from a condition known as alopecia areata. In alopecia areata, the immune system gets mad and attacks the hair follicles. This attack on the hair follicles leads to the formation of patches of hair loss on any part of the body, including arms, head, legs etc. Diabetics may suffer from hair loss because of many other reasons other than alopecia. Stress during diabetes can also lead to hair loss. Diabetics may suffer from thyroid disease, and thyroid problem can lead to hair loss. Some medicines of diabetes also contribute to hair loss.

We can say that diabetes, if not treated with care, can lead to severe hair loss. If a diabetic person is taking proper medication, has changed his lifestyle, uses healthy food items and take care of himself, the hair loss problem will not attack. In the case of extreme carelessness and an unhealthy lifestyle, the person with diabetes may lose his/her hair even in a few months.

Excessive weight and diabetes 

Many people invite diabetes by themselves. Unhealthy lifestyle, excessive use of fast foods, disturbed routine and stress lead to weight gain, thus leading to diabetes type 2. In diabetes type 2, blood sugar levels increase because the body is not producing enough insulin to process the extra sugar. High levels of sugar in blood lead to serious health problems. People with obesity are at high risk of diabetes type 2. Sometimes diabetes leads to weight gain. When there is no insulin to control the blood sugar level, excessive glucose stores in the form of fat increase body weight. So, we can say that weight gain and diabetes have a deep link with each other. Increased weight can lead to diabetes, and diabetes can lead to weight gain. 

Exercise and a healthy lifestyle can treat this problem. Daily walk for one or two hours leads to prominent weight loss, thus improving your health. I have seen cases in which the people with diabetes completely controlled diabetes and improved their health. Diabetes must control by losing adequate weight. 

Weight must control by using apple cider vinegar and by adding fibre into your diet. You can fight with diabetes if you must commit and be concerned about your health. If you want to lose weight, you can lose weight and can compete with the disease. If you don’t control weight, you may suffer from severe health issues because diabetes then starts effecting kidneys and other organs. Proper exercise and care can help you fight with diabetes. 

Health problems caused by diabetes 

When insulin is not working correctly, the blood sugar level increases, leading to the accumulation of glucose in the blood. This situation results in serious health problems. It diagnoses if someone with diabetes, hyperglycemia (or in simple words, high blood sugar), an immediate change of lifestyle must require. Kick out all the artificial sugars and processed foods from your diet. Eat natural and healthy, walk and exercise daily, consult some competent physician or expert and discuss your problem. If your doctor recommends some medicine, use the medication regularly. Take recommended tests and keep track of your blood sugar levels. Check random and fasting sugar and notice their trend. If you don’t take such measures and don’t bother about your health, this carelessness may lead to the following health issues:

  • Risk of heart diseases
  • Risk of neuropathy (nerve damage, etc.)
  • Chance of getting kidney diseases may lead to kidney failure
  • Risk of erectile dysfunction in men, reduce the sexual desire in both men and women.

These health problems, if ignored again, can lead to complete organ failure, thus leading to death. If it does not control your blood sugar level, you are at a high risk of kidney disease.

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