AIDS is spreading very rapidly in almost all countries of the world. HIV is a virus that causes AIDS. It damages your immune system and then interferes with your body’s ability to fight this disease. If HIV goes untreated, then after a time it turns into AIDS. It spreads through heterosexual sex too. In fact, it is mainly spread by this. It doesn’t depend on any age or race. HIV can get into a person’s body at any age. Multiple sex partners also cause more ability to have this infection. The rise in AIDS is because of a lack of awareness among people. Many people suffering from it don’t even know about this disease. They spent half of their lives without knowing about it, and some people even after getting aware of this, don’t take it seriously. They think of it as a simple infection that will reduce within time but what they don’t know is this infection gradually increases with the time and ends becoming AIDS.
It is already known that the HIV virus causes AIDS. Given below are the causes that spread HIV.
- Sexual contact. If you are not using any protection and your partner has any infection either you are having vaginal, anal or oral sex, you become infected too. This disease is epidemic, so it transfers from one person to another. Small tears which are developed in the rectum virus can either transfer through it or through the mouth during sex.
- Blood transfusions. There are many chances that this disease can spread through blood transfusions too. This risk has decreased in America as they screen the blood for HIV antibodies.
- Sharing needles. Sharing contaminated needles can also pass the virus of HIV, so it’s essential always to use new needles while you are taking any drugs.
- During pregnancy. Pregnant mothers can also infect their children in pregnancy. If during pregnancy, this virus didn’t transfer, then it also has chances to be transferred during delivery. Breastfeeding can also play a role in spreading this virus. But if the mother gets treated while she is pregnant, then chances of infecting the baby becomes very less.
How to stop AIDS
At first, this disease was considered as one of the most dangerous diseases. Because no one knew how they could help people suffering from it and save them. The treatment of Aids was found by U.S health in 1984 after the death of almost 39 million people. At that time, they knew how to treat and control HIV, but the vaccine was still a puzzle. The real challenge was to scale up what they have learned so far.
Many drugs and microbicides give new hope, but it won’t matter until it reaches the people who need them. Given below are the ways for its prevention.
· More health workers
· Focus on population
· Strong health systems
More health workers
Health worker includes doctors, nurses, lab technicians, and even truck drivers because they deliver medicines to clinics. Different types of health workers and skillsets are demanded by HIV that includes counselling, pharmacology, and research, etc. Paediatrics make sure that all the infants and adults suffering from HIV should be on treatment.
According to WHO, nearly 7.2 million health workers are required at this time, and it can increase to 12.9 million by 2035.
To end the AIDS epidemics, we need trained health workers that are trained for their job and are safe from any infection and violence. Without them, we cannot even treat a single person so countries should make better plans for using health workers. It’s just not the health workers that we need, but also health care.
Focus on population
Members of the key population, transgender and men having sex with men are characterized. They have a high prevalence of HIV because of their isolation, due to which they suffer from the bulk of new infections.
No health service was given to them for a long time, and until now they don’t have all the services they need. Many of them were even turned away by health workers. It seemed as they don’t even have the option of heath service anymore.
Due to this reason that Intra Health international reaches out to sex workers at lodges, trains them, provides condoms, spread awareness of counselling and provides testing to them. 546 sex workers were tested, of which almost 32 per cent have symptoms of HIV. They were then enrolled in the treatment and were given the care they need.
Strong health systems
Robust health systems can help the country in solving many problems. We have seen in the past few years that how much it has helped us in HIV. Reliable health systems are the base of a healthy population.
You need to focus on every little thing if you want to address the epidemics like HIV. Counselling and testing have proven to be very useful for lowering HIV and for making the system strong. It is estimated that Linkages will play a vital role in the strengthening of the health system around HIV. This project will provide comprehensive and sustainable HIV services, specifically to key populations.
Nearly 4 million HIV infections occur each year, so it has become imperative now to have new, highly effective ways for its prevention. It has been announced by UNAIDS that, by 2030 they will end the AIDS epidemic and it will no more be threatening to anyone. And if we don’t want an outbreak to spring back with a higher level of HIV than today, the world needs to scale up rapidly. Because half of the people don’t even know that they have HIV and they can transmit it to someone.
By 2020 if all goes within plan than 90% of the people who have HIV will know their status, treatment and will overcome viral loads.